He wanted to bring Muslims into the Congress fold. Along with Gandhiji and Abdul Ghaffar Khan, And came forward as the great champion of Hindu-Muslim unity. His mother was the daughter of a rich Arabian Sheikh and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin. Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)--President of the Indian National Congress from 1939 to 1946, outspoken opponent of Jinnah and Partition, symbol of the Muslim will to coexist in a secular India, and scholar and intellectual--was one of modern India's most important leaders. In 1928, Maulana Azad endorsed the Nehru Report, formulated by Motilal Nehru. Let’s have a look at his childhood, freedom struggle,life history and achievements. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. One of the finest works of Urdu language. He was a statesman (রাজনীতিবিদ), poet and educationist (শিক্ষাবিদ). Tazkirah is a fascinating look at Muslim history of India through a very personalized lens. He was the first education minister of Independent India. WhatsApp. He worked closely with Vallabhbahi Patel and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The author talked about some saints who stayed in a cave for many years. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992. 2) Maulana Azad was the first Human Resource and Development Minister of free India. Maulana Azad’s written statement before a colonial court in Calcutta is part of an Urdu book titled Qaul e Faisal, parts of which have been produced in A.G. Noorani’s seminal book Indian Political Trials (1775-1947). The unique message of patriotism and nationalism blended with religious commitment gained its acceptance among the masses. ... Azad started writing poems and literary and political articles for Urdu Newspapers and journals at a very early … He was eleven years old when his mother passed away. His childhood name was Syed Ghulam Muhiuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Husseini. His major works include Ghubaar-e-Khatir, Tazkira, and Tarjuman-ul-Quran. Born: 11 November 1888, Saudi Arabia Died: 22 February 1958, Delhi Full name: Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad Education: Al-Azhar University (1905–1907) Awards:. Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad was born on November 11, 1888, in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). Cumulatively, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a visionary politician, a major journalist, a remarkable prose stylist, and a notable commentator of the Holy Quran. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin but became known as Maulana Azad. ‘NEP 2020 reflects Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s thoughts’ By Sameer | Published: 12th November 2020 8:21 am IST Hyderabad: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s thoughts are reflected in the National Education Policy 2020, Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) incharge Vice Chancellor, Prof S.M. RATNA Ghubar-e-Khatir (Sallies of Mind) is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written primarily during 1942 to 1946 when he was imprisoned in Ahmednagar Fort. During the violence that erupted following partition of India, Maulana Azad assured to take up the responsibility for the security of Muslims in India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad biography timelines // 11th Nov 1888 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum. 2627. Memorial: Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most influential independence activists during India’s freedom struggle. It is part history, part biography, part religious tome, part soliloquy, part personal musings, and part Abul Kalam Azad relishing in the echo of his own voice and sheer vanity. Birth info about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. His forefathers came to India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Babar, from Heart, Afghanistan. After his release on January 1, 1920, Azad returned to the political atmosphere and actively participated in the movement. Two years later, at the age of thirteen, Azad was married to young Zuleikha Begum. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Osmani Kingdom (now Saudi Arabia). After his return to India from an extensive visit of Egypt, Turkey, Syria and France, Azad met prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo Ghosh and Shyam Sundar Chakraborty. Copyright © CulturalIndia.net   All Rights Reserved. मौलाना अबुल कलाम आजाद की जीवनी | Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in Hindi. 2) Maulana Azad was the first Human Resource and Development Minister of free India. A dog also stayed with there for hundreds of years, and Allah Almighty slept them for a long. Ghubar-e-Khatir (Sallies of Mind) is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written primarily during 1942 to 1946 when he was imprisoned in Ahmednagar Fort. Image Credit: http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/images/maulana-abul-kalam-azad-6.jpg. Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born November 11, 1888, Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died February 22, 1958, New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule in the first half of the 20th century. In his childhood, Azad had a traditional Islamic education, along with training in subjects like mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by tutors at his home. Facebook. Maulana was a firm believer in the co-existence of religions. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca. He served in the Constituent Assembly formed to draft India’s constitution and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and in 1957. He was born on 11 November in the year of 1988. RATNA . Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established an Urdu weekly newspaper in 1912 named Al-Hilal. In 1890, he returned to Calcutta (now Kolkata) along with the family. At … Birth info about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Failed to put a prohibition on the writings of Maulana Azad, the British Government then finally decided to deport him off Calcutta in 1916. India : A Great Patriot . He visited countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most significant freedom activists during India’s freedom struggle. He was also a poet and an essayist who wrote on several topics of contemporary relevance. 3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11thNovember 1888 at Mecca in Saudi Arabia. He did not go to any Madrasah or school, nor did he attend any modem western educational institution. Maulana Azad had his initial formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu with theological orientation and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. Ten Lines on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Set 1. Abdul Kalam Azad headed the Jamiat ul Ulema as President in 1924, and the Nationalist Muslim Conference five years later in the same capacity. He was likewise an author, poet, and reporter. He was appointed as India's first Minister for Education and inducted in the Constituent Assembly to draft India's constitution. Bharat Ratna Maulana Abul Kalam Azad — Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad, was an Indian Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement, who lived from 11 … In Turkey, Maulana Azad met the leaders of the Young Turks Movement. Azad fiercely criticized the Muslim politicians who were more inclined towards the communal issues without focusing on the national interest. Through his own efforts, he learnt English, along with Western philosophy, history and contemporary politics. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. As opposed to Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Azad also advocated for the ending of separate electorates based on religion and called for a single nation committed to secularism. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a revolutionary from his early days. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography. Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born November 11, 1888, Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died February 22, 1958, New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule in the first half of the 20th century. His childhood name was Syed Ghulam Muhiuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Husseini. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Essay Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian poet, writer, journalist and scholar who became an important political leader of the Indian independence movement. He also rejected the theories of communal separatism advocated by the All India Muslim League. Azad's father was a scholar who lived in Delhi with his maternal grandfather, as his father had died at a very young age. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed better known as Maulana Azad was born on 11th November, 1888, was a senior Political Leader and Indian Muslim Scholar, freedom fighter, and poetry. He wholeheartedly advocated the principles of the non-cooperation movement and in the process became drawn to Gandhi and his philosophy. He travelled all over the country giving speeches and leading various programs of the movement. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. To commemorate his legacy, his birthday i.e. 11 November is celebrated as the National Education Day Azad himself. He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. His mother was the daughter of a rich Arabian Sheikh and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin. He helped in establishing the refugee camps and ensured uninterrupted supply of food and other basic materials. Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia). On August 9, 1942, Maulana Azad was arrested along with most of the Congress leadership. He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times. He was a leading figure in India’s struggle for freedom and a noted writer, poet and journalist. He held office from 1947 to 1958 in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. Till in his teens, Muhiyuddin used the pseudonym Abul Kalam Azad acquired a high reputation for his writings on religion and literature in the standard Urdu journals of that time. Rajkumar Mali - April 1, 2017. Confined to the Ahmednagar fort after his arrest along with other leaders in 1942, Maulana Azad participated in the Simla Conference after his release. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most influential independence activists during India’s freedom struggle. He was the founder of the Jamia Milia Islamia Institution in Delhi along with fellow khilafat leaders which has blossomed into a renowned University today. Maulana Azad was one of the prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu –Muslim unity and He opposing the partition of India on communal lines. He also served as a member of the Congress Working Committee (CWC) and in the offices of general secretary and president on numerous occasions. In Egypt, Azad came into contact with the followers of Mustafa Kemal Pasha who were publishing a weekly from Cairo. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992. 4) Maulana Azad was self-taught in his homeand he knew Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Arabic, etc. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. He was a prominent politician of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 as well as 1940. Interestingly, the Motilal Nehru Report was severely criticized by a number of Muslim personalities involved with the freedom movement. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born to father Bengali Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and mother Arab. Although this vision of Azad was shattered post partition of India, he remained a believer. Google+. His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al-Husseini and his mother was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. This detention continued till December 31, 1919. Privacy Policy. Azad attained most of his education from his father. Their incarceration lasted for four years and they were released in 1946. Publications: Ghubar-e-Khatir (1942-1946); India Wins Freedom (1978); Memorial: Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India. His exhaustive book on India’s freedom struggle titled ‘India Wins Freedom’ was published in 1957. Abul Kalam Azad . He vehemently opposed the idea of partition based on religion and was deeply hurt when the idea went forward to give rise to Pakistan. ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ is one of his most noted works which he wrote between 1942 and 1946. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established the Indian Institute of Technology and also contributed in the foundation of the University Grant Commission. Cumulatively, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a visionary politician, a major journalist, a remarkable prose stylist, and a notable commentator of the Holy Quran. As an activist demanding the reinstatement of the Caliph in Istanbul, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad came onboard with the Khilafat movement during 1920. Azad was the first education minister of independent India. Unfazed by the move, Maulana Azad, few months later, launched a new weekly, called "Al-Balagh". He adopted the pen name Azad (Free). Read this Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888 A.D. – 1958 A.D.) Bharat Ratna Maulana Azad died on February 22, 1958 as Education Minister of India. His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al-Husseini and his mother was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. In 1930, Maulana Azad was arrested for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha. He was one of the most important leaders behind the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931. He was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Azad, inspired by the passion of Indian as well as foreign revolutionary leaders, started publishing a weekly called "Al-Hilal" in 1912. Will India be able to bring back Black Money? In fact, he continued to write provocative articles against the British Government.