The electrons freed from the chlorophyll molecules and the protons freed from the water molecules take part in chemical reactions in the cell. Explanation:The electrons combine with H+ and reduce NADP to NADPH2. The difference is that glycolysis is the breakdown of glucose up to pyruvate or lactate. Glycolysis (also called Embden Meyerhoff pathway) and HMP shunt (also called pentose phosphate pathway, phosphogluconate pathway or direct pathway) both are glucose breakdown pathways. In the C4 cycle the first stable compound is 4 carbon compound, namely oxaloacetic acid. In dark reaction, the sugars are synthesized from CO2. Hence the C4 cycle is also called Hatch- Slack cycle. 4H 2 O+2ADP+2Pi+2NADP+Light+ chlorophyll→2ATP+2NADPH+H + +2H 2 O+O 2. The hydrogen ions also called protons are made available by splitting up of water. | EduRev NEET Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 131 NEET Students. In this cycle, the first stable compound in Calvin cycle is a 3 carbon compound (3-phosphoglyceric acid), the cycle is also called as C3 cycle or PCR (Photosynthetic Carbon Reduction). NADPH2 is also called as reducing power. It is also called as EMP pathway. x; UniProtKB. The electrons combine with H+ and reduce NADP to NADPH2. Hence it is called C4 cycle. (b) Xanthophylls : They are yellow coloured carotenoid also called xantholsor carotenols. Fig: 9.6 Photosynthesis consists of light-dependent and light- independent reactions 2. reactions 2. Start studying Biology midterm review. However, there is no established algorithm for individualized optimal dosages, and rate of improvement may differ considerably between responders. Oxygen molecules, called free oxygen, are released into the environment. In the light-independent reactions (also called dark reactions, by convention, as they are driven by products of light, ATP and NADPH-it should not be misunderstood that they occur in dark or they are independent of the need of light), the formed NADPH and ATP drive the reduction of CO2 to more useful organic compounds, such as glucose. The path way is also called as Hatch and Slack as they worked out the pathway in 1966 and it is also called as C4 dicarboxylic acid pathway. The substance provides the hydrogen molecules to perform reduction of the other substance. This is used subsequently in the dark phase to reduce carbon dioxide into sugars. Protein knowledgebase. It is… This stage of photosynthesis is also called a dark reaction because it does not directly use light energy. The scheme of glycolysis is given by Gustav Embden, Otto Meyerhof, and J. Parnas. This pathway is commonly seen in many grasses, sugar cane, maize, sorghum and amaranthus. UniParc. The process is called … It reduces carbon dioxide to form sugar. Sir, what is NADP AND NADPH2 How it (NADP AND NADPH2) is formed Also, What are their all uses in Dark and Light reaction Again , a question arises i e , How Phosphorus is come in both reactions Please tell me Above 200 - Science - Life Processes Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Glycolysis is the partial oxidation of glucose or similar hexose sugar into two molecules of pyruvic acid through a series of enzyme mediated reaction releasing some … How the products of the light reactions, ATP and NADPH, are used to fix carbon into sugars in the second stage of photosynthesis. The Krebs cycle uses the two molecules of pyruvic acid formed in glycolysis and yields high-energy molecules of NADH and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FADH 2 ), as well as some ATP. 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